Treatment and prevention of periodontitis Periodontitis is an inflammatory process that affects all tissues of the periodontium. It starts with inflammation of the gums, are then destroyed muscle tissue, which leads to the pathological parodically pockets, then touched the bone, and as a consequence teeth are loose and fall out. Periodontitis in children occurs in 9-10 years. Though not the most common dental problem (detected in 3 5% of cases), but there is no guarantee that this problem will not affect your child.

Feature of periodontitis in children is the inflammation, affecting the tissue that have not reached functional maturity during their active growth and transformation, and they often show inadequate response to the slightest injury. Disease klassificeret depending on such factors as:

  • the prevalence of (local or generalized);
  • the nature of the occurrence (chronic or acute);
  • age (prepubertal or pubertal).

Signs of prepubertal periodontitis be identified at an early age, but rather when the temporary teeth erupt, or at the end of the process. Youth periodontitis (pubertal) diagnosed in adolescents as the result of poor oral hygiene, hormonal changes, various forms of anomalies in the tooth structure etc the main symptoms of periodontal disease at this age include:

    • itching;
Treatment and prevention of periodontitis
  • the feeling of puffiness in the gums;
  • bad breath;
  • thick saliva;
  • discharge from the periodontal pockets;
  • disturbances in the stability of the teeth.


Prevention of periodontal disease in children is primarily associated with the elimination of the causes. With special care to attention to nutrition, oral hygiene, fluoride remedies, elimination of the malocclusion and pathological occlusions, violations of the structure and topography of some organs and tissues of the oral cavity, the prevention of other dental problems, to prevent functional overload of the maxillofacial area.

Prevention of periodontal disease in children are divided by age index:

  1. In the first year of life to ensure the normal function of closing the lips, sucking and swallowing.
  2. At the age of 4-5 years to carry out preventive examinations and dental treatment, to develop a correct habit of food intake (good chew, not drink), to work to eradicate bad manners such as licking lips, gnawing of fingernails, etc.
  3. In the period of 6-7 years to continue work on bad habits, oral hygiene, myogymnastics, health promotion, add hard food in the diet, the formation of the swallowing function, namely speaking the correct sounds, etc.
  4. After 7 years it is possible to engage in the prevention and timely treatment of the malocclusion, occluzionnaya, elimination of pathological frenulum, and continue to monitor the hygiene of the oral cavity.

Prevention of periodontal disease in children in many respects similar to the anti-caries prevention, so it helps to prevent many dental problems.