Dental disease is very diverse and often very painful. But one of the most common - a perforation tooth. The disease can be caused by various factors, which can be divided into two groups: internal and external. Therefore, issues such as perforation of the tooth and causes damage to require careful consideration. 


Tooth Perforation - a complication of a hole in a tooth cavity, a dental treatment induced, trauma (mechanical action) or the presence of caries. Depending on the dental cavity, wherein there is a perforation, the perforations are divided into several types: 

  • perforation of the wall of the tooth (often due to careless exposure to the doctor);
  • perforation of the tooth roots (because there is a strong branching and curvature of the tooth roots);
  • tooth bottom perforation cavity (occurs due to deformation of the tooth axis, and the excessive expansion of the cavity during treatment).

Sometimes perforations are formed as a result of the injury, coupled with strong mechanical action on the dental tissue. In such cases it is about cracks in the tooth structure. But more often there are cases of dental perforation when a hole is formed as a result of the work of a dentist. Such perforation in dental tissue structure may occur during treatment branched root canals. This is the most common reason. However, there are times when the doctor calls the appearance of perforations inaccuracy due to his lack of experience or use their low-quality tools. Keep in mind that the impact of illiterate dental tool on the tooth tissue can greatly harm him. 

The internal reason for the formation of perforations - the presence of caries. Caries formation, developing, destroying the internal structure of the tooth, affecting the pulp and causing the development of pulpitis. Gradually there is periodontal disease, so a complication of tooth decay can lead not only to the appearance of the perforations, and even tooth loss. Caries - a disease that must be treated in the early stages of development. 

Root canal treatment is the most common cause of perforation 

One of the most common causes of perforations - root canal treatment: their curves very difficult to conduct the treatment of the inner cavity of the tooth. Therefore, endodontic treatment, and the treatment of pulpitis it is imperative to make X-ray pictures of the patient's tooth and carefully study the location of the pulp division of roots and their curves. Root canal perforation can be classified according to their location: 

  • apical (top of the tooth root);
  • medium;
  • coronary.

Perforating tooth roots should be treated quickly to protect from periodontal destruction. The correct treatment of root canals competent dentist tooth perforation present prevention. 

Perforated teeth Treatment should be started immediately after the discovery, since this fact greatly affects the success of the treatment. You must also constantly monitor the sealed channel, regularly making the X-ray images.