Loss of teeth in humans not only causes changes in facial features, chewing dysfunction and discomfort, but also adversely affects the human digestive system, and as a consequence – the whole human body. Modern dentistry knows different ways to solve problems. But the most high quality, as well as having a better cosmetic effect of the decision – a dental implant. Let's find out what dental implants are and what their characteristics.

A dental implant is an artificial, often multi-component design that takes root in the bone of the jaw with a further coalescence, with the aim of prosthetics. In other words - implants replace the roots of missing teeth, and allow you to restore dentition. 

The operation to install dental implants with subsequent attachment to it is called the crown tooth implant. The procedure for the customer goes easy and painless. Sometimes the implant followed by bone grafting, for more reliable fastening of the implant. Provided quality installation and the further course, the implant does not need to be replaced, and is as long as possible. 

Indications for implantation:

Often, the lack of one or two no front teeth does not seem a problem, which is deeply misleading. In the absence of at least one tooth occur negative changes: the remaining teeth begin to shift, due to which increases the distance between them. This leads to a number of diseases associated with spillage of food into the interdental gap, such as caries and periodontitis.

In addition, the negative effects relating to the jaw bone. After the removal of a tooth, the bone at this point ceases to receive the load and as a consequence - bone tissue decreases. Because after a long absence tooth implantation is not without additional bone augmentation. With no more than a few teeth in a single row, the situation becomes more serious as it appears on the changes in facial features, namely the cheeks and lips. Because the indication for implantation is at least one missing tooth in a row.

  Implantation is the most progressive, the most qualitative and reliable way to recover the missing tooth units as from a medical point of view and from an aesthetic.  

In some Western countries, there are laws that the doctor is obliged to offer the patient implantation, and only then talk about other treatment options. Nevertheless, a large number of patients are choosing traditional methods of prosthetics. Many are afraid of the cost. But if you look, the difference in the cost of the implant and conventional prostheses is not large, and sometimes even less! And given the fact that the implants need to be replaced periodically, it becomes apparent long-term financial benefits of installing dental implants.

To iplantatsiyu teeth can not be done?

It is believed that the implantation is quite risky and has many contraindications. But in fact it has the same limitations as any operation.

Absolute contraindications:

  • Implants should not be placed on  people 16 to 22 years old
  • systemic connective tissue disease
  • alcoholism, drug addiction
  • myocardial infarction in the acute period
  • chronic renal and hepatic failure
  • expressed osteoporosis
  • decompensated diabetes

Relative contraindications:

  • Pregnancy and lactation
  • smoking more than 20 cigarettes per day
  • compensated diabetes
  • bruxism, or teeth grinding 

stages of instalation of tooth implant

Installation of implants in complexity and sensitivity to the patient is not much different from other dental procedures. The operation can be performed in one step or in several.

Preparatory stage

Before the surgery, the patient is carefully examined to identify contraindications and plan treatment. In the case of oral diseases that interfere carry out the operation, they need to cure. It is recommended to carry out the procedure for occupational health перед операцией.

before surgery

Duration of operations can vary from 30 to 60 minutes depending on the complexity and techniques. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia. If you are installing a large number of implants – a procedure performed under general anesthesia.  

With the help of a special tool is drilled in the bone canal for the implant, a replacement tooth root. After the implant decision on the second phase – the installation of the crown.

It will take a certain time before srastetsya implant with bone. This process is called osseointegration. As a rule initially put the temporary crown, and after the complete fusion of the implant to the bone - put constant.

The postoperative period and care

A little swelling and soreness for a few days after surgery is normal. Contraindications hot meal on the first day after operatsii.Uhod shut after implantation is no different from the usual, but preferably a little more carefully pay attention to the plaque, which is very quickly formed for artificial teeth. Recommended are the same dental floss and interdental brushes. Do not use an ultrasonic toothbrush, since vibrations can damage the crown. At careful leaving the implant will last you a lifetime.

Advantages of dental implants:

  • maximum cosmetic and aesthetic effect;
  • restores the lost teeth without damaging the healthy adjacent teeth;
  • completely restores the chewing function
  • keeps gums healthy is not putting pressure on them
  • serve man for life
  • long-term savings on treatme

Price

As mentioned above, the implantation in Kiev, not much more expensive than other types of prosthetics, but when you consider the durability of the treatment, it is obvious to consider it profitable. All details concerning the cost can be viewed in Implantology clinic «Doctor Zub». Just with all the necessary advice you can get by contacting us by any of the types of contacts